CHRISTIANITY, JUDAISM, AND ISLAM: Similarities and Differences
Christianity is world’s largest religion, Islam is the world’s second largest and fastest growing religion, and Judaism is one of the oldest faiths.
Judaism, Islam and Christianity believe in one God (monotheism), Islam, some Jews and Christianity believes the righteous dead of all generations will be brought back to life.
Christianity, Judaism and Islam accustomed to think of themselves as supreme, in religion and culture, possessing the highest truths and the oldest the best philosophy.
Judaism also despite of its great universalist, prophets no longer seeks to extend its faith outside the membership of its own race. Rabii Epstein said recently that when paganism gave place to Christianity and later also to Islam. Judaism withdrew from the missionary field and was satisfied to leave the task of spreading the religion of humanity to her daughters faith like Christianity and Islam. Christianity and Islam have been great missionary religious and that they will continue to be seen as to their tradition: Indeed it was the submission of Abraham in his supreme test — would he be willing to sacrifice his son? That appears to have provided Islam with its name. According to the Koran, Ishmael went to the place where Mecca was to rise. His descendants flourishing in Arabia, become Muslims, whereas those of Isaac, who remains in Palestine became Jews.
Basic theological concepts of Islam are virtually identical with those of Judaism and Christianity. It is all about the four that are most important.
3. The human self
4. The day of judgment
Beliefs and practices
Judaism is expected to live according to certain principles and ethics. Observe holy days and festivals and most important consider themselves a part of the Jewish people. They are expected to learn Jewish history and traditions and to consider the welfare of others Jews everywhere. All denominations recognized the authority of the Bible (Old Testament) Many devout Jews recite a Biblical passage daily “Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one”. This called the Shema. The first five book of the Bible called Torah or Pentateuch; Jews also recognize the authority of the Responza, another body of literature. Among Orthodox Jews the teachings of the Bible and Talmud are taken literally.
Muslims believe in a single God that has no gender or form. Their religion is based on divine revelations from God to various prophets include Abraham and Moses from the Bible’s Old Testament .Muslim also believe in Jesus Christ was a great prophet although they do not agree with Christians that he is the son of God. Muslims are expected to live according to Islamic law, which is in some countries not separate from civil law. The Koran and Hadith are the main sources of Islamic law. Muslim call Islamic law the Shariah, or “God’s way “.Muslims believe that Mohammed’s( or Muhammad).teaching are the most accurate and complete.
Christianity believes that people are children of God and have immortal souls. Believe in one God who is represented as a trinity, or single deity with three parts: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Most Christians believe that Jesus Christ, the Son, was the human manifestation of God who came to earth, died, crucified and rose from the dead and ascended into heaven and that through this action he made it possible for people to be saved from sin. Most Christians belong to one of three groups: Roman Catholic, Protestant, or eastern Orthodox. Christianity has various rites (which includes sacraments) and rituals. Baptism and Holy Eucharist or Holy Communion. The Bible is Christianity’s most sacred book.
SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES
These religions emphasize the significance of:
1. Persons as superior to nature;
2. The individual human person, who must answer for his thoughts and deeds;
3. The moral value of justice;
5. History, which moves not in an everlasting cycle, but in a straight line, from a beginning to an end.
– The places of worship of the religions of Semitic origin — synagogue, church, and mosque — are communal, being designed for the gathering of an assembly.
There are words common among the three and vocabulary that don’t alienate each other: monotheism, prophet, retribution , hell, paradise, creation, almsgiving.
Table of Comparison Among Judaism, Christianity and Islam
The table shows the relationship among the Judaism, Christianity and Islam
1. God – They believe in a single divine being, who is personal, that is, possessing mind and will; eternal, that is, not subject to the limits of time or change, all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good. That is, all three religions are example of what is called ethical monotheism.
2. Creation – God creates a world distinct from himself (none of these religions are monistic in their mainstream forms); a world which is real, not illusory, though totally dependent on God; a world which is good.
3. Revelation – In a unique historical event God reveals his will, requiring obedience, disobedience being sin. The revelation in its case is given in writing.
4. Immortality and Judgment – There is a life after death. At death God will judge each individual, for reward or punishment.
Judaism– It is the physical testimony that he is a member of the Jewish people.
Islam – It is a form of purification (it is often called simply tahara, which means purification) and is obligatory for all Muslim boys, although the age at which it is done varies from region; in some areas it is performed in infancy, in others as late as the age of 10 or 12.
– It is also widely practiced on girls, in the form of cutting away all or part of the clitoris, although this is not an Islamic obligation as a folk custom, which is also practiced in some non-Islamic societies.
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Benitez, Benjie B.
Chen, Hsiang Yi
Loscos, Jonathan Leo B.
Sadac, Hector S.